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Ukrainian History: Chronological Table

Year/Century Event

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839 Mention of Rus' in the Bertynsky chronicles associated with the mission to Ludwig I of the Frankish kingdom.

MAP: Eastern Europe, 250-800

840 Magyars and khazars attacking Kyiv.


853 Askold becomes Kyiv's Prince.


877 Novgorod's Prince Oleh annexes Kyiv, kills Askold and brings the capital of Rus' from Novgorod to Kyiv.


890 Pechenegs advancing to Black Sea steppe. Ugrians (Hungarians) move to Danube.


907-911 Prince Oleh travels to Byzantine's capital Constantinopol (Ukrainian "Czarhorod") with a big army and demands an annuity to Kyiv.


945 Prince Ihor signs a treaty with Byzantine Empire - ready to accept Orthodox Christianity.


957 Princess Olha (Ihor's wife) becomes a ruler of Kyiv.


960-972 Svyatoslav (Olha's son) becomes a Prince of Kyiv. He confrontates with Khazars, then attacks Bulgaria and fights with Byzantine Empire. At the time Svjatoslav is in the offensive on Bulgaria, Khazars attack Kyiv. He returns but gets killed in a skirmish with Pechenegs.


980 Volodymyr The Great becomes a Prince.


988 Official Christianization of Kyiv Rus'. Volodymyr accepts Orthodoxy and marries Byzantine Princess Anna.


1015 Death of Volodymyr The Great. Sons are struggling to rule the country until 1019.


1019 Yaroslav The Wise - one of Volodymyr's sons becomes a Prince.

Kyivan Rus is 11th century

1027 Construction of Svyata Sofia (St. Sophia) Cathedral.


1054 Death of Prince Yaroslav.


1068 Polovtsi army attack Kyiv state for the first time.


1098 - 1099 Magyars attack Halychyna.


1111 Kyiv Princes conquer Polovtsi.


1113 Volodymyr Monomakh - the last of great princes of Kyiv.


1152 Yaroslav Osmomysl becomes a Prince of Halychyna.


1155 - 1157 Suzdal (Russian) Prince Yuriy Dovgoruky (founder of Moscow) attacks Kyiv and becomes a prince for a short period of time.


1155 - 1169 Destruction of Kyiv by Andrey Bogoliubsky, the Vldimir-Suzdal prince


1187 The word Ukraine (Ukrayina) first used to describe Kyiv and Halychyna lands.


1223 Ukrainians first battle Tatars in a battle near Kalko River in treaty with Polovetz - Tatars win.


1238 Danylo Halytsky becomes a Prince of Halychyna. Next year he unites Halychyna with Kyiv.


1240 Tatars capture Kyiv.

Southern Rus 1250.

1256 Lviv is founded by King Lev.


1320 Yuriy becomes a King of Halychyna.


1330 Yuriy marries Lithuanian Princess, daughter of Gedymin.


1360s Lithuanian Prince Olgerd frees Kyivschyna and Podillya from Tatars. They fell under Lithuanian control.


1378 Last Halychyna King Volodyslav dies.


1387 - XVIII century Poland rules Halychyna.


1414 Prince Fedir Koryatovych of Mukachevo.


1475 - 1774 Crimea (Krym) under Turkish (Osman) Empire's rule.

Ukrainian lands 1400

1490 First mentioning of cossacks (kozaks).


1550 Dmytro Vyshnyvetsky establishes a fortress of Zaporizhzhya (Zaporizhia).


1569 Lyublinska Uniya (Lublin Union) - All Ukrainian territory under Lithuanian rule (except Polissia and Beresteyshchyna) transfers to Poland.

MAP: Ukrainian lands after 1569

1576 Foundation of Ostroh Academy - first University-like school in Eastern Europe.


1590 First Kozak uprisings (Kostynsky, Mazyvako).


1596 Union of Brest (Beresti) - beginning of religious struggles.


1608 Fall of Ostroh Academy.


1610 - 1622 Het'man Sahaydachny is a het'man (the arch) of Zaporizka Sich.


Zaporizka Sich

1630 Kozak uprising against Poland.


1637 Petro Mohyla establishes a Collegium in Kyiv.


1648 Beginning of liberation of Ukraine from Polish rule headed by kozak het'man Bohdan Khmelnytsky

MAP: Kozak state after 1649

(more info)

1654 Bohdan Khmel'nytsky signs Pereyaslav treaty with Muscovy


1657 Swedish-Ukrainian coalition against Russia.


1663 Two het'mans in Ukraine. Het'man of the Left bank of Dnipro - in coalition with Russia; het'man from right bank - against Russia.


1665 - 1676 Het'man Petro Doroshenko.

Ukrainian lands after 1667

1670 Establishment of Russian control under the right-bank kozaks.


1685 Kyiv Orthodox Church Metropolitan (Patriarkhat) becomes a division of Muscovite Metropolitan.


1687 - 1709 Het'man Ivan Mazepa - period of palingenecy of Kozak state.


1708 Treaty had been signed between Ukraine and Sweden.


1709 Battle in Poltava (Ukraine). Russians defeat Swedish-Ukrainian army and execute Kozak troops after the surrender of Swede army


1709 Death of Ivan Mazepa.


1710 Pylyp Orlyk becomes a het'man.


1720 Russians prohibit the use of Ukrainian language - still preferred by Ukrainians.


1722 - 1727 First het'man of Ukraine appointed by Russian Czar.


1734 Het'man Danylo Apostol's uprising on the Right Bank (Haydamaky).


1744 Construction of St. George Cathedral in Lviv.


1745 Oleksa Dovbush - legendary Ukrainian hero.

Ukrainian lands around 1750

1764 Abolition of Zaporizhzhya Het'manate (Zapiriz'ka Sich).


1765 Slobodzhanschyna falls under Russian control.


1772 Russian, German and Austrian empires divide parts of Poland among themselves.(First division) Halychyna falls under Austrian control.


1775 Second division of Poland. Austria annexes Bukovyna


1775 Zaporizka Sich destroyed by Russians.


1787 Russians rebuild a village of Kodak into a city and name it after queen Ekaterina II (Katerynoslav). During Ukrainian Republic of 1917 - 1920 the city was renamed into Sicheslav ("In Honour of Sich"). In 1924 communists gave it a present name - Dnipropetrovsk (Combination of words "Dnipro" (main Ukrainian river) and "Petrovskij" (The last name of major of city, a Stalinist)).


1789 Establishment of Mykolayiv (Nikolayev)


1780 End of Het'manate.


1794 Establishment of Odesa (Odessa).


1793 Transfer of lands on the Right Bank to Russia from Poland excluding Halychyna, Bukovyna, Volyn and a part of Polissya, already annexed by Austria.


1798 Ivan Kotlyarevsky publishes "Eneyida".


1831 Repnev attempts to renew kozak army.


Dnipro Ukraine around 1850

1834 Establishment of The University of Kyiv.


1840 Taras Shevchenko's first publication of "Kobzar", probably the most popular book in Ukrainian.


1861 First railroad on Ukrainian territory (Peremyshl - Lviv).


1861 Abolition of slavery in Russia.


1863 Ukrainian language is officially prohibited to use by Russian government.


1890 First Ukrainian Political Party (Halytska)


1905 Annulment of restrictions on the usage of Ukrainian language in Russian empire.


1917 Revolution in Russia. Ukrainian writer and historian Mykhaylo Hrushevsky becomes the president of newly proclaimed Ukrainian state (Ukrayinska Narodna Respublika). The power of the new government is very weak, Russian czarists, communists and Germans try to conquer Ukraine again. Symon Petlyura becomes a commanders of Ukrainian armed forces. President signs a treaty with Germans, but it was annulled in 1919 in Brest, Belorussia, where Germany signed a treaty with Communist Russia. Ukrainian lands are united after Western Ukrainian Republic and Ukrainian republic unite.

Ukrainian lands 1914-1919

1918 Austrian empire breaks up. Newly established West-Ukrainian Republic is annexed by Czechoslovakia and Romania.

Western Ukraine 1772-1914

1921 Formation of Soviet Socialist Republic of Ukraine.


1929 Collectivization starts. All lands that belonged to Ukrainian farmers are taken away and put into a large "kolhosps" (co-operative farms.) People, who didn't want to give their land away are arrested and murdered.

Ukraine in interwar years


1933-1934 Artificial Famine in Ukraine, caused by Stalin's policy. At least three million people die in result.


1939-1940 Annexation of Western Ukraine by Soviet Union according to a secret treaty with Nazi Germany.


1941-1944 German occupation of Ukraine. Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA). SS Division "Galizien".

Ukraine during WW2

(more on division "Galizien")

(more on UPA)

1943-1944 Russians return. Massive immigration to the west (England, France, Canada, USA.)

(Ukrainians in Saskatchewan, Canada)

1945-1947 Discrimination and murders of Ukrainian population in Poland by Polish army and police.


1945-1955 Continued fight for liberation of Ukraine in the western regions.


1950's Illegal anti-communist literature begins to appear.


1986 Nuclear reactor explosion in Chernobyl, Ukraine.


1980's National movement for the liberation of Ukraine "Rukh" is formed.


1990 Human chain protests for Ukrainian independence.


1990 Ukrainian sovereignty is proclaimed.


1991 Ukrainian independence is proclaimed. Elections of Parliament (Verkhovna Rada) and the President Leonid Kravchuk.


1994 Ukraine signs an treaty with NATO


1996 Constitution is proclaimed.

(the text of constitution)


"Litopys Rus'kyj"
Updated - A chronicle written by monks in Kyiv's monasteries in 900 -1000 yrs (Only in Ukrainian) (Note: This file is in *.RTF format. If you are using Netscape or IE3, you'll have to download it and open in MS Word. If you're using IE4 or IE5, the file will open in the browser. You can also view text version of this document

Abridged History of Ukraine by George Skoryk.

Ihor Solovey, 1999-2000. In the creation of this table the following materials were used:

My own memory.

Ukrainian maps.

Scholarly work of Leonid Sonnevytsky - History of Ukraine - Chronologically Synchronized Tables. This work was published by the Shevchenko Scientific Society in 1960 in both Paris and New York. (published on


I would also like to thank Taras Tchougai and Mr. Ulf Pauli for correcting some of thedates and adding more information.

If you have any materials, suggestions, questions or corrections, pleasee-mail me.

If you want to use any of this material, it would be nice if you drop me a note and ask first.